Source – tellerreport.com
- “…Kishk…was indignant about the political situation in Egypt, especially with regard to social injustice, and he always repeated, “If injustice were distributed to 100 parts, there would be 99 parts in Egypt, and one part for the rest of the world, and yet this part comes in the evening to sleep in Egypt. A politician was not spared Sheikh Kishk’s criticism in his sarcastic and biting way. He used to say about President Anwar Sadat, “There is neither light nor sovereignty,” and Hosni Mubarak, “There is neither good nor blessing”
SM:….In honour of my dear friend who walked me through the looking glass – ‘J.A.K’….
Sheikh Kishk .. lived as a knight and died in prostration
2021-03-10, 7:13:39 a.m.
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Perhaps the Egyptians were not associated with the Friday sermon, either in its introduction or in its details, just as they were associated with the words of Sheikh Abdel Hamid Kishk, who was called the knight of the pulpits.
“Here is the school of Muhammad, righteousness does not wear out, sin does not forget, and religions do not die. Do whatever you want as you are condemned, my master Aba Al-Qasim, O Messenger of God, may God bless you, O knowledge of guidance, the breezes do not blow and doves do not mourn on the ae, but after me are the protectors of Islam and the guards Creed. “
The Egyptians were not associated with the introduction of the Friday sermon, as they associated with these words of Sheikh Abdel Hamid Kishk, who was called the Knight of the pulpits, and today the memory of his birth falls.
Kiosk, whose recordings competed with the stars of cassette tapes in the seventies and eighties, his fame roamed the horizons inside and outside Egypt, and his sermons became heard in the streets through the shops and means of transportation, and his mosque “Ain al-Hayat” in Cairo became the most famous mosque in Egypt that attracts worshipers on Friday, and even the keenness of many Arab visitors To attend his sermon and see this Sheikh, whose voice conquered all Arab countries.
Despite the large masses and sweeping popularity resulting from his rhetoric, his clash with current events, and his harsh criticism of politicians, artists and major celebrities, this Jamahiriya drew widespread criticism against him, as his opponents saw him as an example of the extremism and vulgarity of the Friday pulpit in the nonsense of things, despite their recognition of his rhetorical abilities.
Growing up and developing
Abdel Hamid Abdel Aziz Mohamed Kishk was born on the tenth of March 1933 in the village of Shoubrakhit in the Beheira governorate north of Cairo, where he grew up an orphan and lost his eyesight at an early stage in his life, but the loss of sight did not prevent him from interacting with society and he often said about himself , Citing the saying of the companion Abdullah bin Abbas:
If God takes their light from my eyes .. In my hearts and mind there is light from them
Kishk received his primary education at the Al-Azhar Institute in Alexandria, and completed the memorization of the Noble Qur’an at the age of twelve, and obtained high school and ranked first at the state level, although he is blind.
He joined Al-Azhar and obtained an international certificate from him in 1961, then graduated from the Faculty of Fundamentals of Religion in 1964.
During his high school and university studies, Kiosk Nabouga showed superiority in religious sciences and the Arabic language, which enabled his people to ascend the rostrums and lead student activities, as he became involved in advocacy activity and attention to people’s problems at an early stage of his life, and he sermonized in his village as an imam at the age of no more than twelve.
After graduating from Al-Azhar, he was appointed as a lecturer at the Faculty of Usul Al-Din, but he quickly resigned from the position, and was officially appointed as an imam and preacher at the “Ain Al-Hayat” mosque in Hadayek al-Qobba in Cairo, and there – for about twenty years – Egyptians and Arabs knew Sheikh Abd al-Hamid Kishk.
Sheikh Kishk authored an interpretation of the Qur’an in nine volumes under the title “In the Rehab of Tafsir”. He has more than two thousand recorded sermons that his students collected in books including: A ray of the light of faith, and in the rehab of tranquility, the garden of the soul, and the Friday hadiths and their sermons.
He passed away in Cairo on Friday, December 6, 1996, and his family says that he died in prostration, and that he always prayed to God to take his soul while he was prostrating.
Equation of Success
Some attribute Kiosk’s fame to eloquence, charisma and lightness, but it was not the only reason for the manufacture of the most famous Egyptian preacher and preacher, as it could be added to his sharp and bold clash with current events and his harsh criticism of major celebrities, as big names make big events and news.
Likewise, the political and social context cannot be overlooked, as that period witnessed what is known as the Islamic awakening and the rise of the Egyptians to religious manifestations and the rise of the preachers and preachers after the years of Nasiriyah, in which the religious manifestations dried up, and the culture of this temporal period was an audio culture that relied on radio and cassette tapes before the spread of television. And then the Internet.
Thus the success equation booth – or as the Egyptians say “the secret of the dish” – met with rhetoric, “charisma” and lightness, with a sharp and cynical criticism of celebrities and a clash with daily events with boldness and courage, with the public’s thirst for religion and the rise of the voice of the Islamic trend, as well as a cultural context Social He made sound a medium of communication and communication that could not be rivaled by another means.
The audio culture prompted the late writer Anis Mansour to describe him as a “phone kiosk”, in response to the description of Anis Mansour’s booth as a “lewd satan”, due to his criticism of reports that Egypt Airlines stopped serving alcohol on its flights.
Kiosk and politics Kishk
was indignant about the political situation in Egypt, especially with regard to social injustice, and he always repeated, “If injustice were distributed to 100 parts, there would be 99 parts in Egypt, and one part for the rest of the world, and yet this part comes in the evening to sleep in Egypt.”
A politician was not spared Sheikh Kishk’s criticism in his sarcastic and biting way. He used to say about President Anwar Sadat, “There is neither light nor sovereignty,” and Hosni Mubarak, “There is neither good nor blessing.”
As for the era of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, he received an abundant share of Kiosk’s criticism, especially with regard to human rights violations inside prisons, and he always mentioned the names of those responsible for the military prisons – of which the stall was one of its inmates – such as Hamza al-Basyouni, who described him as the tyrant of Bassiouni, and he reported that Al-Bassiouni stood in The military prison calls out at the top of its voice, “If God had come down from heaven, I would have held him alone.”
Kiosk criticized the execution of the Abdel Nasser regime, the Islamic thinker Sayyid Qutb, saying, “They hang the necks that said there is no god but God, and Abdel-Wahhab sings to him,” Peace be upon you, “, referring to a song by the Egyptian singer and composer Mohamed Abdel-Wahhab that coincided with Qutb’s execution.
In his memoirs, “The Story of My Days,” he tells that Field Marshal Abdel Hakim Amer – who was the second man in the era of Abdel Nasser – asked him to take advantage of his popularity in the attack on Sayed Qutb and let his blood flow, but he refused, which led to his arrest days later to spend about two years in prison And a half.
Kishk commented on the death of Abdel Nasser, saying: “On the day he knocked at Babi Tariq, he said so-and-so died, so prepare yourself because you will be arrested tonight, and I said, Glory be to God, I am miserable with him, alive and dead.”
During the era of Sadat, Kishk continued to criticize the political authority, especially what he saw as being against religion and morals. First Lady Jihan Sadat received widespread criticism for her interference in women’s and family laws, but the criticism turned into a sharp attack on Sadat himself after the signing of the peace treaty with Israel in 1979 and his visit to the Israeli Knesset. .
In the famous September 1981 arrests, Sheikh Abd al-Hamid Kishk was one of the most prominent detainees, who varied from the far right to the far left, but Sadat was killed after nearly a month to leave Kiosk out of the prison not to the pulpit as it used to, but to the house, where he was not allowed to rise The pulpit during the era of President Hosni Mubarak, until his death in 1996.
Kishk and the art Kishk’s
relationship with art was more exciting than his relationship with politics, and brought him the attack of Egyptian intellectuals and media figures, but at the same time it was one of the most important reasons for his fame among the Egyptians.
Kiosk singled out the singer Umm Kulthum with many biting comments, and one of his most famous comments on her when she sang, “Take me in your tenderness, cheek me,” said in Egyptian colloquial, “A woman in her 60s says:” Take me in your tenderness! Take me. Oh, sheikh, our Lord will take you. ”
Among his jokes in commenting on the songs of Abdel Halim Hafez, he said that Abdel Halim “has two miracles: the first is that he held the air in his hands and the second is that he breathes underwater,” referring to excerpts from his songs “Mask Al-Hawa” and “I breathe underwater.”
And he mocked Fayza Ahmed’s song, “Oh, the moon is at the door,” saying, “You have seen your life, the moon will remain thirsty? Russia has risen to the moon, America has risen to the moon, and we are the moon at the door.”
He also mocked the proverb, Adel Imam, saying, “Let God bless us with a just imam, so He provided us with a just imam.”
He reported in one of his sermons about an incident between him and the poet Abdul Rahman Al-Abnoudi during his arrest, where Al-Abnoudi identified him himself as the composer of the song “Under the Tree, Oh Wahiba”, and Kishk mocked him by saying, “Israel imports F-15 and 16 planes and we are under the trees, O Wahiba, my brother, a thousand of you.” “.
Kiosk published the book “Our Word in Response to the Children of Our Neighborhood”, in which he attacked the Egyptian writer Naguib Mahfouz after receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1988 for his novel “Children of Our Alley” which he considered – along with many scholars at that time – to affect Islamic sanctities.
He fought a battle with Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab after the song “You came I don’t know from where” as an atheism, and he said, “Is it Islam that Abd al-Wahhab asks, amazed or disputed, coming to the world what we know for? Doesn’t everyone know why we came to this world and we are going to God?” .
Sheikh Kishk’s interaction with current events and his overwhelming popularity made him a source of controversy between supporters and opponents, so the Islamic thinker Muhammad Amara says about him, “Sheikh Kishk was one of the tongues of truth in a society whose word of courage was absent, and he had an extraordinary impact on the audience. He used to mix the fundamentalist word with the jurisprudence of the living reality, and he did not fear in God the blame of a blame.
When journalist Salim Azzouz asked him in an extensive dialogue: What do you say about what is attributed to you that you do not adhere to the call with wisdom and good advice, and that your style of speech is based on insult and slander?
Sheikh Kishk replied, explaining his approach and his method: Every maqam has an essay, it is our Lord when he said, “It is like a dog if you carry on it panting or let it gasp,” he was cursing!
“Like a donkey carrying travels” he was cursing ?!
He added, defending himself, “The Friday sermon used to last about an hour, so whoever could go up the pulpit and stay an hour insulted, he would still be a graduate of the College of Insulting! But most of those who say Ali did not hear me.”