The initial idea to use nuclear devices for demolishing various constructions was born almost simultaneously with an appearance of actual nuclear weapons in the beginning of 50s. At first nuclear munitions were not called “nuclear”, but “atomic”, so a concept of demolition using these munitions was called accordingly – “atomic demolition”. These words managed to survive and despite renaming former atomic weapons into “nuclear weapons”, words “atomic demolition” could still be encountered today in names of special engineering devices – SADM and MADM. The first one stands for “Special Atomic Demolition Munitions”, the second – for “Medium Atomic Demolition Munitions”, while many people mistakenly believe that SADM means “Small Atomic Demolition Munitions”, rather than “Special”.
In fact, there would not be a big mistake to call them “small” instead of “special”, because SADM are indeed “small” – their nuclear explosive yields usually does not exceed 1 kiloton in TNT equivalent. Considering that all modern SADM have variable yields that could be set at as low as 0.1 kiloton, and sometimes even at 0.01 kiloton (equivalents to 100 and 10 metric tons of TNT respectively), they deserve to be called “small” munitions.
Other popular names for these Small Atomic Demolition Munitions are “mini-nuke” and “suite-case nuke”, though the second one is probably not logically correct. In reality most of SADM resemble big pots weighing between 50 to 70 kilograms that could be carried as back-packs – so it is very unlikely that they could fit into any suite-case.
However, there are also modern “mini-nukes” made of Plutonium-239, rather than of Uranium-235, and due to a much lower critical mass of Plutonium, their size could be significantly decreased – some latest Plutonium-based “mini-nukes” could indeed fit into an attaché-case. Medium Atomic Demolition Munitions (MADM) are bigger in both – their size and their TNT yield. They could be up to 15 kiloton in TNT yield, weigh up to 200 kg and be as big as a typical large gas-cylinder for home use.
Either of abovementioned atomic demolition munitions could be successfully used in demolishing large objects that could not be demolished by any reasonable amount of conventional explosives – especially in times of emergency, when there is neither time, nor a possibility to prepare their “normal” demolition by conventional means. For example, it could be bridges, dams, tunnels, some reinforced underground structures, large reinforced buildings, etc.
However, an efficiency factor for such nuclear demolitions using SADM or MADM is not too high. As it is probably known, the main aim of controlled demolition of buildings by implosion method is not to actually eliminate these buildings by blowing them up and sending their parts flying around, but to bring them down neatly with the least possible damage to surroundings.
For this reason engineers who prepare controlled demolitions have to first figure out exact points on buildings bearing structures and attach charges of conventional explosives to the right spots – in order to break these bearing structures.
In almost all cases there would be more than one spot to attach explosives, since it is unlikely that any of such structures would have only a single supporting girder or a single supporting column that it is to be broken; at best case there would be a few of them, if not many.
In the case with an atomic demolition using abovementioned atomic demolition munitions it is not the case.
People who plan to use atomic munitions in case of emergency would have neither time, nor enough education to make such precise calculations as in case of a conventional controlled demolition.
What these people could have at the very most – is some basic field-engineering knowledge and some basic knowledge in regard to nuclear weapons usage.
Thus, usage of atomic demolition munitions in such case is to bring down a targeted structure not “neatly”, but just anyhow and at any cost. That is why an explosive yield of atomic munitions used to demolish such structure in case of emergency in any case would be excessive, with major part of their entire explosive energy spent in vain – as in case with any other nuclear explosion.
So, the major part of energy, released by a nuclear explosion of such an atomic demolition device would be spent on creating well-known factors of atomic blast: thermal radiation, air-blast wave, ionizing radiation, electro-magnetic pulse – that have nothing to do with the actual demolition task and could unlikely contribute to it. However, all these destructive factors of an atomic explosion would greatly contribute to damaging of the surroundings – and this damage could be rather extreme, definitely exceeding in its cost, the price-tag of the actual demolition.
It could be said that a nuclear demolition in the abovementioned sense would have much lower performance index compare to a precisely calculated conventional controlled demolition, since the latter one directs almost entire energy of explosives used on breaking bearing structures, rather than on creating an air-blast wave or a thermal radiation.
Besides of this, an atomic demolition device itself is quite a costly thing too. At minimum, a Uranium-based “mini-nuke” costs a couple of million US dollars, if not more (a Plutonium-based one costs much more than that). Apparently, a thousand tons of TNT would cost cheaper than a 1 kiloton atomic munitions. However, it is possible to demolish quite a few buildings using 1000 tons of TNT, while it is possible to demolish only one single building (but to damage many other buildings around) using a “mini-nuke”.
Considering all of this, it could be concluded that it is not an option – to use any atomic demolition munitions, either small, or medium, for demolishing any civil infrastructure in times of peace when there is enough time to prepare demolishing any of such objects nicely by conventional means. And in any case a conventional controlled demolition would be cheaper than a nuclear demolition. Mini-nukes could only be used for demolition job in case of real emergency.
How is it then, that this old atomic demolition concept, despite being known to be too costly and having too low of a performance index comparatively to a conventional controlled demolition by implosion; was eventually revived and even implemented in the World Trade Center nuclear demolition scheme?
It so happens because of a new generation of buildings has come into existence at the end of 60s – namely steel-framed buildings. Despite common misconception, there were no steel-framed skyscrapers ever been demolished by an implosion anywhere in the world prior to the Wtc towers. Primarily, because the most of skyscrapers are new buildings and their time to be demolished has not come yet.
The tallest building ever demolished by an implosion was only 47-strories high – it was the Singer Building in New York City that was built in 1908 and demolished in 1968 due to its being obsolete.
This building was a much weaker structure compare to incredibly strong hollow-tube type steel-frame skyscrapers being built today. So, despite common misconception, it is not possible to demolish a steel-frame building by a commonly known controlled demolition (implosion) scheme.
In bygone days when buildings were brick-walled and concrete-panelled, their bearing structures used to be concrete supporting columns and concrete supporting girders. Sometimes these concrete bearing structures were reinforced by insertions of metal bars, but sometimes they were plain concrete. In either case it was possible to calculate right amount of conventional explosives to be attached to these bearing structures at right spots (or to be placed into holes drilled in bearing structures) in order to break them all at once and to cause the building to collapse into its footprint.
However, it is no longer possible with modern steel-framed buildings – such as, for example former Twin Towers of the New Your World Trade Center, World Trade Center building # 7, or the Sears Tower in Chicago.
Here is an example of steel structure of the WTC Twin Tower:
There was no any “bearing structure” in its former sense – the entire Tower was essentially a “bearing structure”. The WTC steel-frame consisted of exceptionally thick double-walled steel perimeter and core columns. This co-called “tube-frame design” was a totally new approach which allowed open floor plans rather than columns distributed throughout the interior to support building loads as it was traditionally implemented in previous structures.
The Twin Towers featured load-bearing perimeter steel columns (square in cross-section) positioned one meter from each other on the Towers’ facades to form an exceptionally rigid structure, supporting virtually all lateral loads (such as wind loads) and sharing the gravity load with the core columns.
The perimeter structure contained 59 such columns per side. The core structure of the Tower consisted of 47 rectangular steel columns that run from the bedrock to the Towers’ tops. How such steel perimeter and core columns looked like could be seen from this picture showing some remnants of these columns as found on the ground zero after the WTC demolition following the September 11 attacks:
Note that these core (rectangular) and perimeter (square) columns did not belong to lower parts of the Twin Towers, but to their upper parts. That is why they were spared by general pulverization the Towers were subjected to during their demolitions, while virtually nothing, except microscopic dust remained of similar columns belonging to the lower parts of the Twin Tower structure.
Here is one more picture (from the NIST report) showing the Twin Towers perimeter columns during their construction:
These steel columns were incredibly thick – each wall measuring 2.5 inch (6.35 cm), so the entire thickness of either of the columns was 5 inch (12.7 cm). To imagine how thick this is, here is a good example to compare with: front armor of the best tank of the WWII period – T-34 – was only 1.8 inch (4.5 cm) and it was single-walled.
Yet there were practically no armor-piercing artillery shell available that time that would be capable of penetrating such front armor. Of course, no explosives whatsoever would ever be able to tear throw such front armor of a tank either (except only a hollow-charge shell which would still not be able to tear a complete piece of such armor, but only to burn some narrow hole through an armor plate). Considering that the Twin Towers’ steel frames consisted of double-walled steel columns that were almost trice as thick compare to the T-34 tanks’ front amour, it would not be possible to find any solution to break such columns simultaneously in many spots in order to achieve an “implosion” effect – the basic goal of any controlled demolition. It was, of course, technically possible to break some of these columns in certain spots, using exceptionally huge amounts of hollow-charges attached to each individual column, but even such an incredible solution would not help to achieve the desired “implosion effect”. The Towers were simply too high and too rigid – their steel cores would have been simultaneously broken in too many spots on every floor, which no one could afford, and even if they could, still, such a solution would not lead to the desired effect – there would not be any guarantee that such a high-raised structure would fall strictly down to its foot print. It might just scatter its debris as far as a quarter of a mile, considering its mere height. So, it was impossible to bring the WTC Towers down by any kind of traditional controlled demolition.
The same thing could be said about the WTC building # 7 and of the Sears Tower in Chicago. Both of them were constructed using similar thick double-walled steel frame that was impossible to break at once due to reasons described above. However, in accordance with the US laws governing construction of skyscrapers buildings designers had to submit some satisfactorily demolition project before their construction project could be approved by the Department of Buildings. No one could be allowed to build a skyscraper that can’t be demolished in the future. This is the main point of the skyscrapers’ in-built nuclear demolition features. Ironically, such a nuclear demolition scheme of a skyscraper is not meant to actually demolish the respective skyscraper, especially considering that no one has any practical experience in demolishing skyscrapers by such means – it is only intended to convince the Department of Buildings to permit the skyscraper’s construction whatsoever. It appears that all designers and proponents of such nuclear demolition schemes sincerely hope that their ideas would not be put to use during their life-time.
How does it work?
First of all, such a modern nuclear demolition has nothing to do with the former atomic demolition using SADM or MADM as described above. It is an entirely new concept. During modern nuclear demolition process, a demolition charge does not produce any atmospheric nuclear explosion – with its trade-mark atomic mushroom cloud, thermal radiation, air-blast wave and electro-magnetic pulse. It explodes quite deep underground – much in the same sense as any nuclear charge explodes during a typical nuclear test. So, it does produce neither any air-blast wave, nor any thermal radiation, nor any penetrating ionizing radiation, nor any electro-magnetic pulse. It could cause only relatively minor harm to surroundings by an ensuing radioactive contamination, which, nonetheless, considered being a negligible factor by designers of such projects.
What is a basic difference between an atmospheric and an underground nuclear explosion? The basic difference is this. During an initial stage of a nuclear (as well as a thermo-nuclear) explosion, its entire explosive energy is being released in a form of a so-called “primary radiation” that in its main part (almost 99%) falls within X-rays spectrum (and remaining part is represented by gamma-rays spectrum that causes radiation injuries and visible spectrum that produces visible flash). So, this almost entire explosive energy represented by X-rays would be spent on heating of surrounding air at tens of meters around a hypocenter of such an explosion. It happens because X-rays can not travel too far, being consumed by surrounding air. Heating of this relatively small area around the nuclear explosion hypocenter would result in appearance of so-called “nuclear fireballs” that physically is nothing else than an extremely overheated air. These nuclear fireballs are responsible for the two main destructive factors of an atmospheric nuclear explosion – its thermal radiation and its air-blast wave, since both factors result exclusively from high temperatures of air around a nuclear explosion. When it comes to an underground nuclear explosion, the picture is entirely different. There is no air around a small “zero-box” a nuclear charge is placed into, so an entire amount of energy instantly released by a nuclear explosion in a form of X-rays would be spent on heating of surrounding rock, instead. It would result in overheating, melting and evaporating of this rock. Disappearance of the evaporated rock would result in creation of an underground cavity, size of which directly depends on an explosive yield of nuclear munitions used. You can have an idea on how much rock could disappear during an underground nuclear explosion from the below table – where quantities of evaporated and melted materials of various kinds (in metric tons) are shown on “per kiloton of yield” basis:
Just as an example: detonation of a 150 kiloton thermo-nuclear charge buried sufficiently deep in granite rock would result in creation of a cavity measuring roughly 100 meters in diameter – such as the one shown in this picture:
All skyscrapers have their lowest foundations lying 20-30 meters beneath the Earth surface. So, it is possible to calculate a position of a “zero-box” under such a skyscraper in such a way that a nuclear explosion would produce a cavity upper end of which would not reach the Earth surface, but would reach only the lowest underground foundation of a skyscraper it intends to demolish.
For example, in particular cases of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York, their lowest underground foundations were 27 meters beneath the surface. While the 150 kiloton thermo-nuclear demolition charges were positioned as depths of 77 meters (measuring from the surface), or 50 meters below their underground foundations. Such a thermo-nuclear explosion at a depth of 77 m would create an extremely overheated cavity with its upper sphere touching the lowest underground foundations of the Twin Tower it intends to demolish. But it would still be short of reaching the Earth surface by 27 meters – so surrounding structures would not to be affected by any destructive factors of this underground nuclear explosion (except by, possibly, only its radioactive contamination). The Tower that is to be demolished supposes to lose its foundations completely, and to be sucked-in into this overheated cavity, temperatures inside of which are deemed enough to melt the entire Tower. Nuclear demolition schemes of the WTC building # 7 and that of the Sears Tower in Chicago were calculated in the same way.
However, there is one more factor that is to be taken into consideration during calculation of nuclear demolition projects of skyscrapers. This is about the actual evaporated granite rock inside the cavity. Where all that former granite rock now in gaseous state supposes to go from the cavity? In fact, a picture of the physical events after an underground nuclear explosion is quite interesting. Let’s consider it.
This pictorial rendition schematically represents all important physical processes during an ideally deep (means occurred sufficiently far from the Earth surface) underground nuclear explosion. So, now it should become clear that an extreme pressure of the evaporated rock inside the cavity makes at least two important jobs: 1) it expands the actual cavity from its “primary” size to its “secondary” size; and 2) because it does this expansion at the expense of the neighboring areas of the rock, it produces two damaged zones around itself, each representing a different degree of damage.
A zone immediately adjacent to the cavity in nuclear jargon is called a “crushed zone”. This zone could be as thick as a diameter of the cavity itself and it is filled with a very strange matter. It is filled with rock that is completely pulverized. It is reduced into a fine microscopic dust, an approximate particle of which is about 100 micron in size. Moreover, this particular state of material within this “crushed zone” is in a very strange state – except for after an underground nuclear test it does not occurs anywhere else in nature.
If you pick up a stone from this zone, but do so very gently, it might still stick together and still resemble a stone by its form and its color. However, it you only slightly press this “stone” with your fingers it will immediately crush into that complete microscopic dust it actually consists of. A second zone – next to the “crushed zone” is called a “damaged zone” in professional nuclear jargon. This “damaged zone” is filled with rock crushed to various pieces – from very small (millimeters in size), to some relatively big fragments. As closer to a border of the “crushed zone”, as smaller will be such debris, and as farther from hypocenter – as larger will be such debris. Finally, outside of the “damaged zone” border, there would be virtually no damage inflicted to surrounding rock.
However, we have considered above the physical processes which are true to an “ideally deep” underground nuclear blast. When a nuclear charge is buried not sufficiently deep, a picture will be slightly different. “Damaged” and “crushed” zones will not be exactly round in the latter case. They would be rather elliptic – with their longer ends directed upwards – comparable with an egg facing upwards with its sharper end, or possibly even more ellipsoidal and sharper upwards than a typical egg. It happens because the pressure of the evaporated gases would encounter the least resistance towards the Earth surface (since it is too near), so either “crushed zone” or “damaged zone” would extend upwards further protruding out than any other direction.
The drawing above is an illustration of the resistance of the surrounding rock when a cavity is located not very deep below the earth’s surface. Evidently, the resistance of the rock towards the earth’s surface will be much less than towards any other direction. Because everything goes by the way of least resistance, understandably so then, the cavity will be expanded mostly towards the earth’s surface and would never be ideally round. It will always be ellipsoidal in shape.
When the blast wave propagates upwards upper boundaries of the “damaged zone” and “crushed zone” encounter underground foundations of the Tower which is to be demolished, the picture would be even more different. It is because materials the Tower is built of differ from surrounding granite rock in a sense of resistance of materials. Besides, there is a lot of empty space inside the Tower, while the remaining granite rock towards the rest of directions (to either sides and downwards) is solid. So, expansion of the upper boundaries of “damaged” and “crushed” zones by the Tower’s structure will be the farthest. In case of the WTC Twin Towers or the Sears Tower the “damaged zone” could likely reach up to 350-370 meters, while “crushed zone” that follows immediately, would likely reach up to 290-310 meters. But in case of the much shorter WTC-7 its entire length will be within the “crushed zone” – so it would be pulverized completely. This ability of nuclear demolition to pulverize steel and concrete alike is one of its unique features.
The picture above shows an example of that fine microscopic dust that covered all over Manhattan after the WTC demolition. Many people mistakenly believed that it was allegedly “concrete dust”. No, it was not. It was “complete” dust – but mainly pulverized steel. Despite common misconception, the WTC structures did not contain much concrete. Concrete was used only in some limited quantities to make very thin floors slabs in the Twin Towers construction. It was not used anywhere else. The major part of the WTC Twin Towers was steel, not concrete. So this finest dust was in its major part represented by steel dust accordingly. Though, it was not only “steel dust” alone – it was also a “furniture dust”, “wood dust”, “paper dust”, “carpet dust”, “computer parts dust” and even “human dust”, since remaining in the Towers human beings were pulverized in the same manner as steel, concrete and furniture.
Some people might wonder – why the WTC-7 collapsed to its footprint very neatly, in its entirety, while either of the Twin Towers crushed down scattering not only dust, but even some debris to quite large distances. This question is very easy to answer – you have to look at the distribution of “crushed” and “damaged” zones along the Twin Towers structures and the answer will become obvious.
The picture above represents an approximate distribution of damage zones in the scenario of a nuclear demolition of a skyscraper using a 150 kiloton thermo-nuclear charge positioned 50 meters deeper than the lowest underground foundations of a skyscraper.
Don’t forget, that demolition charges in this particular case were buried not “ideally deep”, that is why forms of the “crushed” and “damaged” zones were not “ideally round” either – they were elliptic, with their sharper ends facing upwards – towards areas of the least resistance.
It is easy to understand that the entire length of the WTC-7 fit into the “crushed zone” alone and so there were no any undamaged part on top of it that might cause an effect of falling tops as shown in the Twin Towers’ collapse.
This particular distribution of damages along the skyscrapers structures inflicted by such a process could be better understood when you watch videos showing details of collapses of the WTC Twin Towers and the WTC-7. These contemporary videos are widely available on YouTube.
The North Tower just began to collapse a moment ago.
These two pictures show the North Towers collapse (which collapsed the 2nd). It is clearly seen that the Tower was reduced to fine fluffy dust. In the down right corner it is clearly visible that the WTC-7 (glassy shining nice brownish building) was not damaged at all. On the right picture the WTC-7 appears to be a little bit “shorter” than on the left one, but this was not because WTC-7 was “collapsing” in any way, but only because the helicopter with the photographer was on the move and the second picture has been taken from slightly different angle and with the photographer himself being at that moment slightly farther from the WTC spot. The WTC-7 did not collapsed in reality until 7 hours later.
It should be added also that despite an apparent insufficiency of 150 kiloton thermo-nuclear charges to pulverize the tallest skyscrapers in their entirety (as shown in the above sample where the Twin Towers were pulverized to only about 80% of their entire lengths, leaving the very tops heavy and intact), nuclear charges of higher yields could not be used in nuclear demolition industry due to merely legal reasons.
The problem is that in accordance with the USA – Soviet so-called ” Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty of 1976″ yield of nuclear munitions used for non-military purposes was limited to 150 kiloton /per individual nuclear explosion and to maximum of 1.5 megaton aggregate yield for group explosions.
So, the nuclear demolition industry has to fit into these legal frames: in case of the WTC demolition it was possible to use as many charges as necessary, but not in excess of 150 kiloton per charge. That is why the WTC nuclear demolition scheme consisted of three of such charges – with aggregate yield of 450 kiloton. For those people who have difficulty to imagine how powerful 150 kiloton is, it could be reminded that an atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was less than 20 kiloton.
Now as I presume the reader has already understood how strong were the Twin Towers that it was not even possible to bring them down by any conventional demolition, but only by huge underground thermo-nuclear explosions, it would be interesting to consider another question – if the aluminum-made passenger planes would be able to penetrate these Twin Towers as it was shown to us in the TV.
This is the second terrorist “plane” which is about to penetrate thick double-walled steel perimeter and to completely disappear into the South Tower.
First of all, to make this understanding easier, let’s briefly come back to the point I started this article with: since the Twin Towers collapsed not because of “kerosene”, but because of huge underground thermo-nuclear explosions, moreover, they collapsed in the “wrong order”, and, in addition to that, the WTC-7 that was not hit by any “terrorist plane” also collapsed, we could presume that the planes were not actually needed. They were redundant, because they have no contribution whatsoever to the actual collapse of the World Trade Center.
Since the planes were redundant it would be safe to presume that the 9/11 perpetration could have been performed even without any planes involved – the Twin Towers and the WTC-7 had to go, because someone had decided so and it had nothing to do with any “planes”.
Therefore many reasonable 9/11 researchers began to question the allegation of the US Government that there were “planes” allegedly striking the Twin Towers. Many researches exist now on the Internet (especially famous video presentations “September 11 clues” and “FOXED OUT” available on YouTube) that include analyzing of various contemporary 9/11 footage showing the “planes” and proving in the most satisfactory manner that the “planes” were merely digital.
However, the author of these lines prefers a different approach. Instead of analyzing various inconsistencies of the said 9/11 videos, which many people might doubt, the author of these lines prefers to go straight to the self-evident point: aluminum can not penetrate steel.
To believe that two aluminum Boeing 767 were indeed able to penetrate those thick double-walled perimeter columns as shown in the above picture is the same as to believe that the laws of physics suddenly decided to take holiday on the 11th day of September, 2001, AD.
Some people, understandably, could ask this question: since the planes, even though aluminum-made, were flying at almost 500 mph, due to their tremendous mass and speed they had enough kinetic energy to penetrate the Twin Towers even if the Twin Towers were made of steel. This is the wrong approach, however.
Yes, intuitively, it seems that a large fast moving aircraft represents a lot of energy, and one would think it reasonable for an aircraft to do a lot of damage to a building on impact.
But what do you think would happen – hypothetically – if the aircraft were stationary in the air, and someone picked up one of the enormously massive WTC Tower, swung it violently, and hit the aircraft at an impact speed of 500 mph ? Would it flatten the aircraft do you think, or would the aircraft go clean through the moving building without even the slightest part of the aircraft remaining outside of the outer skin of the Tower (that was twice as thick as the front armor of a tank)?
Have a think about the above hypothetical question, because whether the aircraft was hitting a stationary Tower, or the Tower hitting a stationary aircraft, the physics of the situation is identical. The intuitive response to the damage from a “fast moving aircraft” may not be quite so intuitive.
Many people who at first did not pay any close attention to the actual Twin Towers’ construction and thought first that outer façades of the Twin Towers were simply made from huge glass panes alone (which would, understandably, allow planes to break in) later, to their utter dismay, found out that the Twin Towers in reality were made of some thick steel columns – not different from its steel core columns and such densely positioned steel columns indeed constituted their outer perimeters.
Once this becomes clear, it becomes also clear that no plane would ever be able to crash in its entirety (including even ends of its wings and tail, not to say of its large turbofan engines beneath its wings) through such densely positioned thick steel perimeter columns and to completely disappear inside the Towers without even the slightest part falling back to the street.
Some elder people could probably remember what was the effect of hitting American main-battle ships and aircraft-carriers by Japanese kamikaze-planes if such a plane hits a ship into its board: the plane was just broken apart (without penetrating the ship’s board) and simply fell down.
In case of a non-armored ship – a maximum of what could really penetrate into the ship was a steel motor, but never any other part of a plane – such as its wings, tail or its fuselage.
WWII photo showing damage inflicted by a kamikaze plane to a non-armored US ship. Note: an armored ship (like a main-battle ship) could not have been penetrated at all.
Based on this premise, one could make his own estimation looking at the pictures of the core columns below:
Above: profiles of remaining core WTC columns found at “Ground Zero”; their comparative thickness could be easily estimated; actually they feature walls 2.5 inch thick; such thick columns made of steel constituted both – the cores and the entire perimeters of the Twin Towers.
In this official sketch you can see how these thick core structures have been positioned in reality – not only in the Towers’ middles, as believed by many people, but also on their entire perimeters.
Does anyone seriously believe that the aluminum-made “Boeing” could really break in its entirety (including its tail, wings and large turbofan engines) through the above-shown steel perimeter columns? Placed only one meter apart of each other?
Actually, it might be a little difficult to comprehend that it is impossible for an aluminum item to penetrate steel; so, exclusively for this reason here is some hint – as a basic premise.
It is well-known that an armor-piercing artillery shell is made of materials stronger than an actual armor which it is intended to penetrate.
Normally, armor-piercing shells are made of Wolfram (Americans also produce armor-piercing shells which contain, instead of very expensive Wolfram, Uranium-238, which is otherwise useless material, yet capable to penetrate armor due to it being much heavier than actual steel).
Armor-piercing shells made of aluminum apparently do not exist – it is self-evident truth. Neither exist aluminum swords, nor do any other cutting / piercing tools made of this metal. The mere notion that an aluminum item might cut steel sounds a little bit “strange”, not to say crazy. It shall be also noted that armor-piercing shells fired against tanks or other armored items, travel to their targets with a speed at least trice as much as a speed of sound – because even though they are made of Wolfram, this fact alone is not enough to achieve steel-piercing capability – some very high speed is the second required factor. Speed of a typical armor-piercing shell fired from anti-tank cannon is actually over triple sound-speed – it is at least 1000 meters per second, and normally even faster than this, while a maximum cruise speed of whatever passenger Boeing is subsonic – less than 250 m/sec in the best case. It is good to look at these columns again. And imagine that their thick double walls are comparable with some armor used to make tanks. To penetrate such a column alone would be a challenge for an armor-piercing shell fired from a long-barreled anti-tank cannon at point-blank range. In fact, this concept of “double-walls” is applicable only to the case of an armor-piercing shell because it faces a task of penetrating only two walls perpendicular to its way. However, an aluminum plane faces a bigger task – it addition to the two walls perpendicular to its way, it has to cut two more walls – that are parallel to its way, because each of such tubes has actually 4 walls, not just two. And these two parallel to its way columns would evidently have much greater “thickness”… Now, I guess, it would be a little bit easier to contemplate over those alleged armor-piercing capabilities of the aluminum “Boeings 767” – after comparing such with an artillery armor-piercing shell. Why the “9/11 Commission” or those “engineers” from the above mentioned NIST did not want then to try to make some penetrating experiment with some written-off passenger “Boeing 767” and with several of those columns? That kind of experiment would be a really good thing to prove to the doubtful guys that it were really the “terrorist planes” that did demolish the World Trade Center… This particular realization led many people to a belief that since aluminum kind of planes apparently could not be involved in such a feat, and then only the “digital” kind of planes could really break through those dense double-walled steel perimeters of the now defunct Twin Towers…
Detailed view of the damage inflicted by the alleged passenger “Boeing-767” to the WTC North Tower’s steel perimeter columns.
It could be clearly observed that perimeter bars were all cut by a few ridiculously straight lines, moreover parallel to each other, so a shape of the alleged “impact hole” does not match a silhouette of a plane even remotely. Actually, explanation to this ridiculous phenomenon is quite simple. As you can see from this picture the Twin’s perimeters were made not from steel columns alone. There was also additional aluminum coating fixed on outer sides of the steel perimeter columns. And, unlike the steel columns (which were more or less solid from bedrock up to the Tower’s tops), the aluminum coating was arranged in much shorter vertical segments. If you look at the above picture’s detail carefully you will notice certain horizontal lines parallel to each other repeating on equal intervals – that are slightly visible on undamaged parts of the Tower’s façade. These lines that are nothing else than joining points of the aluminum coating pieces show what was an actual length of each piece of the aluminum coating. The problem of 9/11 perpetrators was that they needed to position their hollow-shaped charges of conventional explosives (that were designed to imitate the impact holes – the planes’ silhouettes) not inside the Tower, but OUTSIDE the Tower – because their explosive energy should have been directed inwards to make the entire set up look plausible. If they would position these charges inside the Tower, then the entire section of the Tower that supposed to be “hit by a plane” would not fell inside the Tower as it suppose to be. It would be blown out of the Tower and, instead of the “landing gear” and the “plane’s engine” simpletons would find on a sidewalk pieces of the Tower’s own perimeters.
Apparently, it was not an option. To attach the cutting charges outside the Twin Tower’s facades was not an option either – they would be visible by people. Therefore, the tricky 9/11 perpetrators placed their hollow-shaped charges in between the outer aluminum coating and the actual perimeter steel columns. The explosive energy of the charges was directed inwards – in order to precisely cut the steel bars in right spots. And, indeed, it worked – as you could see the inner steel bars (that appear to be of “rusty” color as opposed to the bluish-shining aluminum coating) were indeed cut in the right spots to imitate the complete planes silhouettes precisely. Moreover, cut ends of these steel bars additionally bend inwards – exactly as supposed to be. However, the 9/11 perpetrators miscalculated something. Even though most of the explosive energy of the hollow-shaped charges was directed inwards – towards the steel, some relatively minor part of the explosive energy was directed backwards – creating a kind of recoil effect. This managed to blow out the aluminum coating. However, instead of actually “cutting” this aluminum coating, the unruly explosion simply tore out the entire pieces of aluminum at their full lengths and threw them back to the sidewalks. Therefore, depending of vertical disposition of the hollow-shaped charges in some parts it was single vertical length of aluminum bars torn out, in some other places – double vertical length, in some other parts – triple vertical length, etc. Therefore these “impact holes” look so ridiculously stupid – being a kind of a “stepped” shape, instead of a perfect silhouette of a “plane” as supposed to be if there were only steel bars alone.
Besides of all, on this photo a woman could be clearly seen, desperately holding to one of the sticking up columns; she was recognized as Mrs. Edna Cintron, who was still hoping to get rescued at that last moment; unfortunately, she was killed in the North Tower collapse; but in that last moment of her life she demonstrated to the world (by her mere presence at that supposedly “hot” spot where steel columns supposed “to melt”) that the US Government was cheating the people.
Actually, many innocent people who read this might ask this reasonable question: but what about eye-witnesses who saw the “planes”? The answer is this: the number of eye-witnesses who DID NOT SEE ANY PLANES is about equal to the number of the “eye-witnesses” who allegedly “saw” the “planes”. But the mass media preferred to include into their aired footage mostly those “eye-witnesses” who claimed to see the “planes”. The entire 9/11 production was a grand deception. If someone managed to produce falsified images of the “planes” cutting into the steel perimeters of the Twin Towers with the same ease as if the planes were made from steel but the Towers were made from butter, and managed to feed this footage to all mass media outlets, would it be reasonable to presume that he would also prepare in advance a sufficient number of bogus “eye-witnesses” who would claim that they “saw” the “planes”? Of course, we have to presume so. All those “eye-witnesses” who allegedly “saw” how aluminum planes penetrated those steel double-walled perimeters of the Twin Towers were merely actors hired by the 9/11 perpetrators to lie to the mass media and to the public. The laws of physics have never taken holiday on 9/11. But the common sense of gullible people watching the TV appeared to have taken that holiday instead…
Nonetheless, the old English dictionaries printed before September 11 that define the strange nuclear term “ground zero” could serve as the best medicine to overcome the 9/11 illusion and to regain your common sense…
Along with the old English dictionaries for the same reason could also be used these photographs showing molten rock after the underground cavities left by the nuclear explosions under the three buildings of the World Trade Center eventually cooled down and were, at last, cleared of all remaining radioactive materials:
Perhaps, without an obligatory formal witness’s testimony the 9/11 picture drawn by me in this article would not be complete. Perhaps at least one testimony of a witness is indeed required. There are many of such testimonies available, but I selected the best and the most convincing one.
There is one remarkable article titled “Rudy Tuesday” published by The New York Magazine online . This article is not only remarkable because the term ground zero in relation to Manhattan’s “Ground Zero” used in it “as is” – i.e. without any quotation marks and without any capitalization – as if it would in any civil defense manual, but because of the actual statement of the former Mayor of New York Rudolph Giuliani.
I think it is such a masterpiece of the important 9/11 evidence and such an important witness’ testimony from the point of view of psychology, that I have to quote here the entire part of the article “as is”, without modifying anything.
The important things that should not miss your attention, however, are made in bold by me. Make sure to notice that in the aftermath of the unprecedented WTC kerosene-pancake collapse the Mayor of New York for no apparent reason “went nuclear” and began his speech with silly comments about nuclear reactors and continued it with his claims that he KNEW on top of WHAT the ground zero workers (whom he sent to clean ground zero without issuing them lunar-looking haz-mat suits) were actually standing:
“Right, 9/11. Out in the dining room, after the salads are served, Delaware congressman Mike Castle takes the microphone. He talks about Rudy and the squeegee men. BlackBerrys continue scrolling. But then Castle tells of the ground-zero tour the mayor gave him and other congressmen in the days after the terror attacks. People start to pay attention. “He attended most of the funerals; he was there in every way possible,” says Castle. “I don’t think we can ever thank him enough for what he did.” Now Rudy strides to the podium. The room rises. Suits at the cheap tables stand and a banker type sticks his fingers in his mouth and gives a loud whistle. Initially, Giuliani squanders the goodwill. A bit on immigration lands with a thud. He notes that China has built more than 30 nuclear reactors since we last built one. “Maybe we should copy China.” What? You can see the thought bubbles forming over people’s heads: Can this be the same guy we saw on television? The guy who was so presidential when our actual president was MIA? But then Rudy finds his comfort zone. Along with McCain and Mitt Romney, his best-known fellow Republican presidential contenders, Giuliani is out on the thin, saggy pro-surge limb with the president. But Rudy can spin the issue in a way McCain and Romney, not to mention Hillary and Barack Obama, cannot. And now he does just that: Iraq leads to 9/11, which leads to the sacred image of construction workers raising the flag over ground zero. “I knew what they were standing on top of,” Giuliani says. “They were standing on top of a cauldron. They were standing on top of fires 2,000 degrees that raged for a hundred days. And they put their lives at risk raising that flag.” The room is silent. Not a fork hits a plate, not one gold bracelet rattles. “They put the flag up to say, ‘You can’t beat us, because we’re Americans.’ “The mayor pauses and, as if on cue, an old woman sniffles. He continues. “And we don’t say this with arrogance or in a militaristic way, but in a spiritual way: Our ideas are better than yours.””
I am not quite sure, of course, if “their ideas” are indeed “better than ours” because I don’t think that it was a good idea at all – to demolish the skyscrapers in the middle of the populated city by thermonuclear explosions each 8 times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb, but in principle I agree with Mr. Giuliani. The poor ground zero responders were indeed standing on top of a cauldron and they indeed put their lives at risk – as you may sincerely expect to be the case when gullible people visit a place of a recent nuclear explosion without wearing any protective gear.
From now on, I believe, the reader has more or less a complete picture of events – what exactly happened at Manhattan’s “Ground Zero” and what the term “ground zero” used to mean in the pre-9/11 English language, and this is even supported by an important witness’ testimony.
I guess that many readers, of course, will have a lot of questions – what hit the Pentagon? If the planes did not hit the Twin Towers where did the actual planes disappear to? What happened with their passengers? What happened with the alleged “hijackers”? What happened with Flight 93? Why the Doomsday Plane was seen flying on 9/11? Why it was not possible to collapse the South Tower before the North Tower? Why the US officials demolished the Twins and the WTC-7 whatsoever? Why there were not so many cases of acute radiation sickness among the ground zero responders, but rather cases of chronic radiation sickness? Who sent the anthrax letters and why? Why the controlling services of other countries – for example, those of Russia, India and China – preferred “not to notice” that the US Government demolished the World Trade Center by three 150 kiloton thermonuclear explosions and as such this action has anything to do neither with Afghanistan, nor with Iraq? Why IAEA was silent? And, at last, who organized 9/11 and why?
As you can probably imagine, 9/11 was such a complicated operation and its separate aspects are so much intertwined that it is simply impossible to describe the entire 9/11 affair “in brief” while devoting to each of its aspects a little attention. I have absolutely no chance to fit any more or less satisfactory explanation of the entire 9/11 scenario into such a limited room as offered by this article.
In September 2009 I produced a more or less comprehensive video-presentation that lasts well over 4 hours and explains quite a lot about 9/11 in its entirety. This video could be found on the Internet by searching for “Dimitri Khalezov video”.
Besides, I wrote a book that comprises of well over 500 pages in A4 format. This is just to illustrate that it is really impossible – to explain in a comprehensible manner what really happened on 9/11 in its entirety in such a limited article. Perhaps, only to explain technicalities of the 9/11 missile attack against the Pentagon and about all circumstances surrounding this attack would require about the same size of the article. But, hopefully, this story could be continued here.
Therefore, from all the potential questions that are mentioned in the above paragraph I could only answer the last one: the 9/11 perpetration was organized by those who wanted to drive the United States along with other countries into ridiculous wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and who wanted to deprive citizens of these countries of their last remaining civil liberties and human rights. It should be understood that no Al-Qaeda and no any other Muslim organization could afford to feed falsified “planes” footages to the US mass-media, to hire witnesses who “saw” how aluminum planes penetrate steel and to simultaneously demolish the World Trade Center by three 150 kiloton underground thermo-nuclear explosions each of the three being 8 times as powerful as the first atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Lombardie, Kristen: “Death by Dust” on VillageVoice.com: http://www.villagevoice.com/news/0648,lombardi,75156,2.html
2 Ibid, S5.
3 Full story about Mr. John Walcott who underwent bone
marrow transplantation was published here:
9_11_hero_meets_his_cell_mate_11157.htm and yet another shocking story was published here: http://abcnews.go.com/US/Story?id=2408066&page=1
4 Rodrick, Steven: “Rudy Tuesday” from NYmag.com 25.02.07:
Important information: http://www.dimitri-khalezov-video.com
Download videos: http://911-truth.net
Download the E-book: http://www.911thology.com/home.html
Even more links:
The most shocking interview about alleged WMD- ang
9/11 connections of so-called “Lord of War” and so-called “Merchant of Death” Victor Bout:
About the author:Endnotes:
Lombardie, Kristen: “Death by Dust” on VillageVoice.com: http://www.villagevoice.com/news/0648,lombardi,75156,2.html
2 Ibid, S5.
3 Full story about Mr. John Walcott who underwent bone marrow transplantation here: http://www.nypost.com/seven/… yet another shocking story here: http://abcnews.go.com/US/Story?id=2408066&page=1
4 Rodrick, Steven: “Rudy Tuesday” from NYmag.com 25.02.07:
Important information: http://www.dimitri-khalezov-video.com
Download videos: http://911-truth.net
Download the E-book: http://www.911thology.com/home.html
YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/DimitriKhalezov
Even more links:
The most shocking interview about alleged WMD- and 9/11 connections of so-called “Lord of War” and so-called “Merchant of Death” Victor Bout (who is a personal friend of Dimitri Khalezov):
And more on Victor Bout:
Mr. Dimitri A. Khalezov, a former Soviet citizen, a former commissioned officer of the so-called “military unit 46179”, otherwise known as “the Special Control Service” of the 12th Chief Directorate of the Defense Ministry of the USSR. The Special Control Service, also known as the Soviet atomic (later “nuclear”) intelligence was a secret military unit responsible for detecting of nuclear explosions (including underground nuclear tests) of various adversaries of the former USSR as well as responsible for controlling of observance of various international treaties related to nuclear testing and to peaceful nuclear explosions. After September the 11th Khalezov undertook some extensive 9/11 research and proved that the Twin Towers of World Trade Center as well as its building 7 were demolished by three underground thermo-nuclear explosions – which earned the very name “ground zero” to the demolition site. Moreover, he testifies that he knew about the in-built so-called “emergency nuclear demolitions scheme” of the Twin Towers as long ago as back in the ‘80s – while being a serviceman in the Soviet Special Control Service.