Source – frankgermano.wordpress.com
– ” I must furnish those, who would protect or save life, with an energy source, which produces energy so cheaply that nuclear fission will not only be uneconomical, but ridiculous, This is the task I have set myself in what little life I have left” Viktor Schauberger…a letter to Aloys Kokaly, in 1953″
Viktor Schauberger’s Repulsine – By Frank Germano
If you think about it for a while, I am sure you can think of many ways that nature uses a spiral, or vortex pattern. We all are familiar with the conical windings of sea shells, the spiral patterns of stellar galaxies, and even to ourselves, with our RNA and DNA structures in our bodies. Hurricanes, twisters, tornados, and cyclones, all of which are some of the most destructive storms and forces on our planet, all form the classic vortex spiral pattern. You must be familiar with the water flow out of bath tub, forming a vortex spiral down the drain…it spirals in different directions depending on which part of the planet you are on – counter clockwise in the northern hemisphere; clockwise in the southern hemisphere. You may have even emptied liquid from a bottle by shaking it to form a vortex and noticed it emptied quicker than if you had not.. It takes only a small amount of energy to get the vortex going, but, with the aid of gravity, the mini cyclone continues until the bottle is emptied. An American inventor built and patented a water ram pump from information involving the spiral flow which he claims to have gleamed from a visit to the Egyptian Pyramid. There may yet be a truth in the old laundry detergent advertisement of a white tornado in a bottle, admittedly, a big one. Mankind’s only real attempt to utilize the spiral vortex is in weapons of destruction by using a rifled barrel in arms ordinance to give projectiles flight stability, distance, and accuracy.
Common sense, and Viktor Schauberger’s own inventions, give us clues to how we may be able to tap this almost seemingly limitless energy potential. We have already discovered, through Schauberger’s own theories, and later confirmed by scientists such as Hebrand, and Hasselburg (see my “water power” page) that there is more energy and power available in flowing water, accelerated through a spiral vortex than is available from the same volume of water restrained and then flowing over a dam, on a scale of 9:1, in favor of the former, vortexian power. Clean, environmentally friendly, unlimited power is available all around us, yet, due to our conditioning from “big-business” and others, we refuse to accept and look closely at these alternatives. Schauberger did…and, following his lead, we will as well. Let’s continue with our story.
During World War Two, Victor Schauberger was interned in a Nazi concentration camp and was forced to work on a flying disk project using his ideas. (If you missed Page One and Page Two , go back now, and review for the actual stories!). It is not known if the project was completed, or, if the saucers actually flew in Germany. Reports vary, and no confirmed documentation remains. It is rather convincingly coincidental, however, that our own (US) pilots reported “strange flying disks” over Germany just prior to the War’s end. After World War II, Viktor migrated to the United States on promises by various agencies (CIA) to help him develop and test his ideas. Those promises later proved to be hollow. He went to a facility in Dallas Texas, and under uncertain direction, signed over all of the rights to his inventions and patents, to, none other than the US government (Army, Navy…who knows?!). He was sent back to his home-land of Austria, only to die, broken and disillusioned five days later. It would make a great headline for the ‘National Enquirer’…and unfortunately…it’s TRUE! Read an entire article – here – Viktor Schauberger Page Five.
Schauberger may have died, but some of his ideas remain. He suggested that we look at the cooling (implosion) cycle and not always be focused on the waste-heat produced from our devices (fission, explosions from internal combustion engines, jet turbines, etc.). The explosive force we now use to provide energy, such as in the automotive combustion cycle, for example, tends to be harmful to the environment, while the implosion equivalent (Nature’s way) may not be. We should be working with the laws of natural forces instead of using wasted explosive energy to oppose them.
In order to power its machines, today’s science gives priority to an oxidizing or metabolic process, wherein oxygen (atmospheric oxygen)- the natural stuff of breath – consumes the lower oxide or pro-toxide (a type of metallic calc or calx) which contains valuable growth-factors and which is a geo-spherical formative substance. This interchange of substance (metabolism) is referred to as the ‘normal’ combustion process and people are of the mistaken opinion, that it gives rise to those carrying, shifting and orienting forces that move and animate our bodies. This ‘normal’ process of combustion, whose dynamic product Nature uses to break down, decompose and eliminate the evolutionary unfit, is triggered in such a way that at about +40 degrees Celsius (+104 degrees Fahrenheit ) through the application of heat or fire, the oxygen becomes aggressive and belligerent. If it is heated further, then it becomes even freer and more dangerous, leading to the decomposition of blood, water and sap. At this point all life-functions of whatever kind cease in all growing, living and autonomously moving things…Viktor Schauberger’s approach, as we shall see, is quite different.
The invention (The Repulsine) makes use of the fact that the presence of certain substances, especially metals such as copper, silver or gold, for example, or those substances collectively termed synthetic resins (plastics), which are decisive for the progress of the vital functions in liquids or gases (air) and whose effect can, in part, be described as oligodynamic (decay-producing effect, as envisioned by Schauberger). Therefore, if the said course of motion of the substances to be dissociated is also allowed to proceed “oligodynamically” , then the severing of the atomic bonds ca be successfully achieved to a large extent and considerable energies freed. These freed energies can readily be brought into new combinations, such as for the further development of the atoms of primary gaseous substances into liquid or even solid formations or these energies may be drawn of or diverted in some other way.
On this page, I will try to give you a possible explanation about the working principle of “the Repulsine“ flying saucer from Viktor Schauberger (1938-1957). Simply “click” on the image thumbnails for a larger view. This document is the synthesis of a fine analysis on pictures of real working devices, on Schauberger’s researches in vortexes (implosion principle) and on some technical papers from Henri Coanda (1886-1972) and Bernoulli’s principle. Page Four of this site will offer even more detail, and quite a number of surprises, as well.
NOTE: All of these inventions can be built, today. Once built, and implemented into the economy, they would spell and end for our dependence on fossil fuels, or more specifically, our dependence on an oil-based economy. Additionally, we have now begun a partnership between myself (Frank Germano), my former partners, Martin Dorantes, Guy Letourneau, Tad Johnson, Dr. Evgeni Sorokodum (from Vortex Oscillation Technology, LTD, Russia), Curt Hallburg (Institute of Ecological Technology, Krokegatan, Goteborg), and Kim Zorzi (from Ultra-Lite America). It is our aim to build a working Repulsine. If the historical and scientific facts are correct, this will mean the abolishment of our current fossil-fuel driven economy. Why? Because the Repulsine does not need an outside fuel source. It’s motive fuel is that of nature…
Read on to learn how it works.
An original picture-sketch of the Repulsine ( Left ) : A flying model of a Schauberger Repulsine, Type A, tested in January 1940.
This device has been built with copper and uses a very high speed motor for the main vortex turbine. The Repulsine Type “A” device is an Electro-Aero-Dynamic device (E.A.D.) and uses two effects :
1.) The Coanda Effect: a pure Aerodynamic effect based on the Bernoulli’s principle.
2.) The Electro-Dynamic effect : The high speed vortex in the “vortex chamber” produces an electric, charged separation effect, called “the diamagnetic effect ” by Schauberger.
These two effects, combined, create the so-called “implosion effect”.
Machines of Genius – The Repulsine, or “Flying Saucer” of Viktor Schauberger:
The following is taken from the Schauberger British and/or Austrian Patent Number 146,141 March 4th 1940, filed in Austria. The entire patent information can be found in Callum Coats book – “Energy Evolution” page 170-195. Additional comments, construction notes and design parameters by Frank Germano, Kim Zorzi & Mr. Robert James Bailey…
Two circular sheet metal plates made of silver-plated or amalgamated copper are press-formed in such a way that they are endowed with a waveform shape, and are superimposed on one another in such a way as to create a waveform, interstitial space. Both plates are maintained at a distance from one another by already known methods. The lower plate, is attached to the backing plates, which are insulated form one another by a hard rubber plate. On the upper plate, two, three, or more, cover plates are mounted in such a way that they initially rest on the wave-crests of such plate before gradually tapering downwards into the wave-troughs. In this way, the narrowing pressure-chambers are formed, whose longitudinal axes run parallel to the circumference. On the inner inclined surfaces of the upper plate, narrow slits are incised. The central component incorporates a spacer ring. Spacer rings, incorporating nozzles can be provided in the interstitial space. Furthermore, the hollow shaft opens into the cup-shaped component, whose inner surface is advantageously fluted, and which has exit openings into the interstitial space.
If the device is caused to rotate rapidly, then the liquid or gaseous substances entering the pressure-chambers will be impressed downwards and sideways through the slits, into the interstitial space, in which a considerable suction evolves, so that the space acts as a suction-chamber. The whole device therefore represents a kind of multi-stage centrifuge, each concentric wave being regarded as a stage. It can readily be understood that the liquid or gaseous substance present in the pressure-chamber, having been subjected to strong pressure forces here, immediately passes through the slits in the pressure-chamber walls and partially expands. At an appropriate rate of rotation, a maximum pressure will be reached, under which a bio-electric energy evolves, with whose aid, the primary combinations of the through-flowing liquid, or gaseous substance, will split up, whereupon these freed energies can be synthesized into any desired form or be drawn off.
As material for the two plates, silver-plated or amalgamated gold, or synthetic resins (plastics) can be used. If plastics are used, and seawater, for example, is impelled through the suction-chamber, an insipid fresh water is obtained as a result of this process. The arrangement can be so designed that like upper plate, the lower plate can also be provided with cover-plates, so that the pressure-chambers lie on both sides of the suction-space.
An original picture of the vortex turbine. The vortex area is in the middle. The vortex chamber has been removed. A front view of the “Repulsine Type B”, showing the primary hull and the vortex chamber. “The Repulsine Type B”, left. Again, “click” on any of the images for a full-size view.
When the main electric engine is started, the Coanda effect begins to create a differential aerodynamic pressure between the outer and the inner surface of the primary hull. At a higher speed, the vortex chamber becomes a kind of high electrostatic generator due to the air particles, in high speed motion, acting as an electrical charge transporter. The Repulsine will begin to glow due to the strong ionization effect of the air. Now, we have all the ingredients for a continuous and strong Aether Flow along the main axis from the top to the bottom of the craft…The radial air pressure required for lifting 1kg with the Coanda Effect is about 1,4 kg/cm2
In the “Repulsine Type B” the vortex turbine has been improved for increasing the “Implosion Effect” and thus the lifting force, so you will find below a possible explanation about the working principle of theRepulsine type B flying saucer from Viktor Schauberger. The upper membrane is fixed and the lower rotates at high speed. On the edge rim there are special shaped blades ( boomerang shaped blades ). There are 120 blades ( 3 degrees spaced ). The enhanced vortex turbine increases significantly the “implosion” effect in the vortex chamber. This contributes to it being able to generate a stronger thrust than the centrifugal turbine used in the “Repulsine type A”. By means of a suction screw-impeller, (which revolved from the outside towards the inside along a cycloid, spiral, space-curve), the same type of force is generated which creates twisters, cyclones, and typhoons, through the effect of suction, or implosion.
In 1941 several models had been built. One of them had a diameter of 2.4 meters with a small, ultra-high-speed, electric motor. A few moments after the device was started, it climbed straight up into the air so suddenly that, unfortunately, it hit the workshop ceiling with such force that it was destroyed, and crashed to the ground in pieces… For a historical look at Schauberger’s Repulsine and his forced workings for the Nazi Germany period, see Viktor Schauberger, page five, on this site. Click here: Viktor Schauberger during Nazi Germany .
The implosion motor uses the suction forces of implosion; there is no heat barrier and no sound barrier, because with friction almost entirely lacking, no heat is generated. The air flows through the rotating air inlets, placed in the middle, and follows the gap between the double membranes (with the wave pattern). This creates a spiral contraction of the flowing medium and creates a vacuum which increases the “pull”, via implosion.The enhanced vortex turbine uses two flat membranes with concentric “rills” on it. A wave pattern has been set on the upper and on the lower membrane. The upper wave is slightly out of phase with the lower wave. This is a direct application of the “Coanda” effect. The air flow passes through small cavities where the volume sometimes is larger, and sometimes smaller, due to the difference in phase relationship between the upper and the lower membrane. When the air passes different cavities it starts to pulsate. The pulsations are directly dependant on the angular speed of the discs. This “push-pull” action creates an harmonic pulsation of energy…
To the Left is another picture of an original prototype showing the major components of the “Repulsine, type B” engine. The air, being drawn in from the top slits, is set into a spiral vortex movement. Schauberger had claimed that once the devise was set in motion, the primary motor could be switched off and the forces at work would power the generator, which was housed in a central location inside the craft. For more information on this, see references in the book, ” Energy Revolution “, below.
How it works: The “Repulsine” uses a cold-water injection between the bottom plates that alternately expands and contracts the air input by the principle of “thermodynamics” (example: as can be found between a cold-water reservoir and hot desert air). In Texas, a water pump is using this exact same effect. The Texas pump has a 200-gallon tank, which has a hot air intake valve on top and periodically withdraws warm air from the surrounding atmosphere. At the tank’s base, there is a single, shallow, well water pipe, which brings cold water into the tank. This effect is simple to demonstrate. The tank begins to rock on a central fulcrum and expels water from a long pipe centrifugally attached to one end of the tank. This oscillating pipe maintains a backpressure that prevents the water being pumped out from being drawn back inside the tank. Every 30 seconds, a new volume of hot external atmosphere is drawn into the tank and imploded. This causes a remarkable increase in the tanks oscillation. The oscillation is due to the intake water supply’s uneven internal distribution. In effect, the tank is gravity powered.
The Repulsine uses the same phenomena. Cold water, drawn through a base hole, is spun in between the two wavy impellers and cools the air inside the units’ shell. As this partial vacuum draws in the air, it is spun into a cyclone by intake fins. After the air is cooled and humidified, still spinning, it is then expelled from an upper turbine, which reacts with the exiting cyclone. This centrifugal air has so much angular momentum that it is able to leave the Repulsine, even against a strong internal vacuum. That is a direct analogy to the rocking tank implosion-based water pump, described above.
The hot, rising vapor, trapped in a snail-shaped chimney, is lighter then the surrounding dry air and adds to the suction on the Repulsine’s top. The upper turbine, spun by the exiting cyclones’ action, directly drives the internal wavy vaporizing discs, which atomize the cold intake water. The electric motor (used for starting purposes) only has one purpose, and that is to spin up the vaporizer so that it properly atomizes the cold water from the inlet hose. The power source is implosion of hot, dry, desert air.
Remember that the power source is the Thermal difference between cold ground water and hot, dry desert air , just as is done in the implosion tank-rocking water pump from Texas. There is no mystery here. This device does nothing but convert the energy present in the combination of cold ground water with hot dry atmosphere. That is how it actually works. In many ways, it is similar to Schauberger’s water turbine, which also uses a pulsed pressure reservoir. I have worked extensively on both designs. Keep in mind that without the cold-water input, the pulsating vacuum trapped inside the Repulsine soon diminishes and stops. There is a lot of mystery behind this device.
To quote verbatim on what Schauberger said:
“ I connected the implosion motor to an outdoor water tap and it began to spin and finally took off, powered off of nothing more then ordinary, cold, tap water.”
If you look at the Repulsine, you will find a water pipe beneath, sticking out to the side. Schauberger was a master of water implosion technology. It is possible to cool air by simply pulling on a piston, but you require work to do that. At the same time, if you compressed air in a piston, it will get hot. That requires force over a distance or mechanical work to accomplish. You see; there is no gain! Simply expanding a piston and contracting it (or a vortex) accomplishes little more then creating a spring. We all know springs eventually stop bouncing. Schauberger’s expanding and contracting tornado also eventually ceases without an energy source. Recall the Hilsch-Rankine tube or Maxwell’s demon. The tube generates spiral airflow and creates hot air in the large tube and cold air -140F in the small diameter tube. In order to accomplish this, compressed air in large volumes must be used for its ability to do work. No free ride there. It is possible to make a vertical tube howl like a banshee, but the second the flame is removed from the tubes’ inside wall – the resonance stops. Again, it requires a defined energy source. That is Viktor Schauberger’s secret.
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