Source – stuartjeannebramhall.com
– “…Delves into the kingpin’s “international ties of corruption in which my father had an active participation, among them with the American CIA,” he said in a recent interview. Those government associates “were practically his partners,” which allowed Escobar to defy the law, and gave him nearly the same power as a government. Predictably, this information is conveniently absent from media headlines in America”:
In a new book, “Pablo Escobar In Fraganti,” Escobar, who lives under the pseudonym, Juan Sebastián Marroquín, explains his “father worked for the CIA selling cocaine to finance the fight against Communism in Central America.”
Juan Pablo Escobar Henao, son of notorious Medellín cartel drug kingpin, Pablo Escobar, now says his father “worked for the CIA.”
In a new book, “Pablo Escobar In Fraganti,” Escobar, who lives under the pseudonym, Juan Sebastián Marroquín, explains his “father worked for the CIA selling cocaine to finance the fight against Communism in Central America.”
“The drug business is very different than what we dreamed,” he continues. “What the CIA was doing was buying the controls to get the drug into their country and getting a wonderful deal.”
“He did not make the money alone,” Marroquín elaborated in an interview, “but with US agencies that allowed him access to this money. He had direct relations with the CIA.”
Notably, Marroquín added, “the person who sold the most drugs to the CIA was Pablo Escobar.”
Where his first book primarily covered Escobar, the man as a father, Marroquín’s second — which has just been released in Argentina — delves into the kingpin’s “international ties of corruption in which my father had an active participation, among them with the American CIA,” he said in a recent interview.
Those government associates “were practically his partners,” which allowed Escobar to defy the law, and gave him nearly the same power as a government.
Predictably, this information is conveniently absent from media headlines in America.
If the CIA trafficking cocaine into the United States sounds like some tin foil conspiracy theory, think again. Their alleged role in the drug trade was exposed in 1996 in an explosive investigative series “Dark Alliance” by Gary Webb for the San Jose Mercury News. The investigation, headed up by Webb revealed ties between the CIA, Nicaraguan contras and the crack cocaine trade ravaging African-American communities.
The investigation provoked massive protests and congressional hearings, as well as overt backlash from the mainstream media to discredit Webb’s reporting. However, decades later, officials would come forward to back Webb’s original investigation up.
Then-senator John Kerry even released a detailed report claiming that not only was there “considerable evidence” linking the Contra effort to trafficking of drugs and weapons — but that the U.S. government knew about it.
El Patron, as Escobar came to be known, amassed more wealth than almost any drug dealer in history — at one point raking in around $420 million a week in revenue — and reportedly supplied about 80 percent of the world’s cocaine. Escobar landed on Forbes’ list of international billionaires for seven straight years, and — though the nature of the business makes acquiring solid numbers impossible — his estimated worth was around $30 billion.
Escobar and the Medellín cartel smuggled 15 tons of cocaine into the U.S. — every day — and left a trail of thousands of dead bodies to do so.
“It was a nine-hundred-mile run from the north coast of Colombia and was simply wide-open,” journalist Ioan Grillo wrote in the book, “El Narco: Inside Mexico’s Criminal Insurgency.” “The Colombians and their American counterparts would airdrop loads of blow out to sea, from where it would be rushed ashore in speedboats, or even fly it right onto the Florida mainland and let it crash down in the countryside.”
If what Marroquín reveals in the new book is, indeed, true, it would mean the CIA played a major role in ensuring Americans had access to boundless quantities of cocaine — while the U.S. government sanctimoniously railed against drugs to promote the drug war.
In fact, as Marroquín keenly observes, drug prohibition makes for the best pro-drug propaganda — the nature of something being illegal naturally gives it greater appeal.
That prohibition guaranteed Escobar’s bloody reign would be all the more violent. Marroquín now believes “his path of healing is reconciliation with the relatives of those whom his father ordered to kill.”
While Escobar certainly used violence, or ordered others to use violence, to effectively foment and maintain power, he wasn’t without a charitable bone in his body. As Business Insidernotes, “He was nicknamed ‘Robin Hood’ after handing out cash to the poor, building housing for the homeless, constructing 70 community soccer fields, and building a zoo.”
El Patron met his fate in 1993 — by gunshot as he attempted to flee after his house was surrounded. However, the circumstances surrounding his death are still being debated today. Marroquín insists his father committed suicide rather than be shot or captured by police forces sent to hunt him down; while others believe Escobar was absolutely slain by police.
Either way, Escobar’s accumulation of wealth could be viewed as incidental to the role he played for the CIA and the war on drugs — a massive hypocrisy serving to keep people hooked on a substance deemed illegal by the State, so the State can then reap the profits generated by courts, prisons, and police work ‘necessary’ to ‘fight’ the ‘war on drugs.’
“My father was a cog in a big business of universal drug trafficking,” Marroquín explains, and when he no longer served a purpose for those using him that way, killers were sent to do away with the problem — the problem so many had a hand in creating.
Marroquín, who only revealed himself as Escobar’s son in 2009, says he’s had to forgive members of his family for their involvement in the drug business and betrayal of his father — but notes that forgiveness doesn’t mean forgetting what happened.
But he has measured perspective about the man who brutally ruled the cocaine industry.
“Pablo Escobar is by no means a role model,” he asserts.
“I admire Pablo, my father, who educated me. Not Escobar, the mafioso.”
Marroquín noted drug lords like his father might appear to have everything as their status and name garner attention, but these material gains, in actuality, take control in the end.
“The more power my father had, the poorer he lived.”
By: Claire Bernish From: The Free Thought Project
The Activities at Mena – MENA is no myth!
By Michael Rivero
“If the people were to ever find out what we have done, we would be chased down the streets and lynched.”
— George H. W. Bush, cited in the June, 1992 Sarah McClendon Newsletter
George H. W. Bush with legendary CIA agent Felix Rodriguez a.k.a. “Mr. Gomez” who ran the Mexican portion of the Iran-Contra guns and drug running operation.
“I have put thousands of Americans away for tens of thousands of years for less evidence for conspiracy with less evidence than is available against Ollie North and CIA people. . . . I personally was involved in a deep-cover case that went to the top of the drug world in three countries. The CIA killed it.”Former DEA Agent Michael Levine
CNBC-TV, October 8, 1996
“The connections piled up quickly. Contra planes flew north to the U.S., loaded with cocaine, then returned laden with cash. All under the protective umbrella of the United States Government. My informants were perfectly placed: one worked with the Contra pilots at their base, while another moved easily among the Salvadoran military officials who protected the resupply operation. They fed me the names of Contra pilots. Again and again, those names showed up in the DEA database as documented drug traffickers.
“When I pursued the case, my superiors quietly and firmly advised me to move on to other investigations.”
Former DEA Agent Celerino Castillo
Powder Burns, 1992
“The Subcommittee found that the Contra drug links included:
- Involvement in narcotics trafficking by individuals associated with the Contra movement.
- Participation of narcotics traffickers in Contra supply operations through business relationships with Contra organizations.
- Provision of assistance to the Contras by narcotics traffickers, including cash, weapons, planes, pilots, air supply services and other materials, on a voluntary basis by the traffickers.
- Payments to drug traffickers by the US State Department of funds authorized by the Congress for humanitarian assistance to the Contras, in some cases after the traffickers had been indicted by federal law enforcement agencies on drug charges, in others while traffickers were under active investigation by these same agencies.”
Senate Committee Report on Drugs,
Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy
chaired by Senator John F. Kerry
“I really take great exception to the fact that 1,000 kilos came in, funded by US taxpayer money.”
DEA official Anabelle Grimm, during a 1993 interview on a CBS-TV “60 Minutes” segment entitled “The CIA’s Cocaine.” The 1991 CIA drug-smuggling event Ms. Grimm described was later found to be much larger. A Florida grand jury and the Wall Street Journal reported it to involve as much as 22 tons.
THE CLINTON CHRONICLES
Better save a local copy of the above. I suspect it will be “Orwellized” before November 2016 gets here!
BILL CLINTON MENA DENIAL
This is Bill Clinton’s assurance that there was nothing going on at Mena. Note how he “over sells” the denial.
This is Dan Lasater in front of the Whitewater committee.
OLIVER NORTH’S HANDWRITTEN NOTES.
Third paragraph reads…..
"Honduran DC-6 which is being used for runs out of New Orleans is probably being used for drug runs into US" -LtCol Oliver North 09Aug85
The Clinton/Bush narcocracy that has corrupted the US Government today has its roots in the CIA’s gun-running operation to the Nicaraguan Contras (a violation of the Boland Amendment and the Logan act), and funded from the sale of cocaine flowing back along the same smuggler route into the northern end of the gun/drugs pipeline at Mena, Arkansas, protected by then-governor Bill Clinton.
This area of the website has been assembled in response to the persistent claims of a few individuals that Mena is a myth, that the CIA never ran cocaine through the Mena airport, or laundered the proceeds through various Arkansas financial institutions including Morgan Guarantee, Madison S&L, Worthen Bank, and most importantly, the Arkansas Development Finance Authority. That such activities took place at Mena (among other locations) should hardly be surprising, as a read through most newspapers shows that government connections to drug running are not only commonplace, they have become the inevitable symptom of these totally corrupted times.
The hyper-links in this page connect, in most cases, to either published articles or congressional records related to the link subject. They are well worth following and although laborious to read (especially the congressional records), are well worth the effort. It is the hard evidence behind the allegations.
The Intermountain Regional Airport at Mena first came to national attention following the crash of a cargo plane in the jungles of Nicaragua. The sole survivor of the crash, Eugene Hassenfuss, confessed to being part of an illegal operation to arm and resupply the Contra forces staged out of the Mena airport, and the scandal known as Iran-Contra erupted across the headlines of the world.
The specific aircraft which crashed in Nicaragua had, during the Vietnam war, belonged to Air America, the CIA proprietary airline that had flown guns to the Laotian Meo in Long Tien, while bringing heroin back. Following the end of the Vietnam war, the aircraft was purchased by legendary drug smuggler Barry Seal, who renamed it the “Fat Lady” and based it at the Mena airport. Following Seal’s murder (an obvious setup by the court system), the plane was used in the gun running operation to Nicaragua, ending with the crash.
The fact that guns were being sent to the Contras was itself illegal, under the Boland Amendment. While diverted arms sales were held aloft as the funding mechanism for the gun running to the Contras, the sheer scale of the Contra effort suggested that another, even more clandestine, funding mechanism had to existed. Drug running. To allay this suspicion, Oliver North claimed that he reported any drug activity to the D.E.A. The D.E.A. says he did no such thing. Evidence of drug running connected to the Contra Resupply was made available to the Iran-Contra Special Prosecutor, but it was not followed up.
After the Iran-Contra scandal erupted, individuals began to come forward with stories that the same planes that ferried guns down to Nicaragua were ferrying back cocaine for sale in the United States. Cocaine whose profits were the real source of funding for the Contra’s custom made (and numberless) M-16s. These individuals included military personnel such as Eugene Wheaton, and pilots such as Richard Brenneke, and Terry Reed, who claimed they were part of the guns and drugs operation itself. Some, like Chip Tatum, had documents proving their claims. Others were highly respected law enforcement officers and members of government, such as William Duncan, L.D. Brown, and others, who had stumbled on the drug running operation and tried to expose it. Some of those who had knowledge of Mena started to die.
Almost immediately, it became apparent that Mena enjoyed a special status. Every attempt to investigate met with interference. Investigator Russel Welch of the Arkansas Police was ordered to stay away from drug activity at the Mena Airport. Despite a public statement by then-Governor Bill Clinton that he was doing all he could to investigate allegations of CIA drug running at Mena, citizen’s groups charged that funding was cut for any investigations that pointed at Mena, and petitioned the Iran-Contra Special Prosecutor to investigate drug running at Mena. He never did.
Politicians elected on a promise to investigate Mena quickly broke those promises.
Appearing before Congress, Former IRS Criminal Investigator William Duncan testified that he was ordered to suppress information about Mena by his superiors, and that investigations into Mena were shut down on orders from the US Attorney!
Even a Congressman, US Representative Bill Alexander, whoseappeal to Bill Clinton for investigative funding was ignored, charged that he had found interference in the Mena affair from the IRS!
Angered by what appeared to be a cover up, Alexander threatened budget cuts on non-cooperative agencies, then directly challenged Richard Thornburgh,the Attorney General Of The United States, to look into Mena. Thornburgh promised he would investigate. He never did.
The IRS works for the Department of the Treasury. Hence, it was worth noting that following US Representative Bill Alexander’s complaints of IRS interference, another division of the Treasury Department, the Customs Bureau, issued the following memo, requesting that all records, especially paper records relating to activities at Mena be sent to Washington D.C.. Included in the memo was the request that Customs be notified if no records were found in the individual offices.
For those who do not wish to download the 300 kilobyte scan, here is a transcript of the first paragraph.(A capital X signifies an unreadable character)
The House Committee on Banking and Financial Services is requesting Customs to make available to the Committee all documents and communications in Customs possession related to alleged money laundering and drug activities occurring at Mena Airport, Arkansas. Attached for your review and action is the Committee's letter and several attachments listing individuals, firms, case numbers etc. The Committee requests Customs search its records for information and documents related to the information contained in the Attachments to the Committee's letter.
Even the press seemed to have a blind spot where Mena was concerned. Writer Roger Morris (author of “Partners In Power”) and Sally Denton wrote a well-researched article entitled The Crimes Of Mena. This story, based on Barry Seal’s surviving records, had been fact checked and cleared for publication by the legal staff of the Washington Post, when it was suddenly spiked without explanation by Managing Editor Bob Kaiser, a fellow Skull & Bones alumni with ex CIA chief George H. W. Bush.
With only a few notable exceptions like Jack Anderson, and Sarah McClendon, along with a few small town newspapers like the Ozark Gazette, The Guardian, the mainstream press’s silence has been deafening.
This self-imposed blindness towards Mena by the America media did not go unnoticed by the foreign press, most notably among them London Telegraph journalist Ambrose Evans-Pritchard.
Mena is a current issue.
Mena is a current issue. The recent revelations of highly questionable fundraising practices in the 1996 election, coupled with the suspicious deaths of four 1992 Clinton fundraisers, raises the ugly possibility that the American Presidency, like those of Colombia and Mexico (and so many others), has been bought and paid for with drug money.
It’s nonsense to claim that Mena is a myth. The sheer weight of concerns voiced by law abiding citizens regarding the flood of drugs that poured into Arkansas cannot be ignored.
The CIA, after years of denials, finally admitted that it had indeed had operations at Mena, although it continues to deny involvement in drug running.
There is something at Mena. Something that a great number of people are working very hard to conceal.
Military “Suicides” – Keeping The Lid On The Use Of The Military?
A MENA BIBLIOGRAPHY
- Castillo, Celerino III and Harmon, Dave, POWDERBURNS, Oakville, Ont., Mosaic Press, 1994 Head of DEA in El Salvador discovered that the Contras were smuggling cocaine into the United States. Castillo’s superiors reacted to his reports by burying them. This book is too controversial for an American publisher to print.
- Cockburn, Leslie, OUT OF CONTROL, New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987 Early account of the of the Reagan Administration’s secret war in Nicaragua, the illegal arms pipeline and the Contra drug connection.
- Johnson, Haynes, SLEEPWALKING THROUGH HISTORY, New York, W.W. Norton & Company, 1991. Pg. 261-274, 292-293 History of the Reagan years traces the relationships of William Casey, Manuel Noriega and the Medellin cocaine cartel.
- Levine, Michael, THE BIG WHITE LIE, New York, Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1993 DEA undercover investigator learns that the biggest deterrent to stopping the drug epidemic is the Central Intelligence Agency.
- Levine, Michael, DEEP COVER, New York, Dell Publishing, 1990 DEA undercover operative penetrates the leadership of the Bolivian cocaine cartel, Panamanian money-launderers and Mexican military middle-men. But it is all for nought, as interference from the CIA and Attorney General Meese, along with DEA infighting, sabotage the investigation.
- McCoy, Alfred, THE POLITICS OF HEROIN, Brooklyn, NY, Lawrence Hill Books, 1991 Excellent history about CIA complicity in the global drug trade, from the French Connection, to Southeast Asia and onward into the Afghanistan and Latin America. A must read.
- Parry, Robert, FOOLING AMERICA, New York, William Morrow and Company, 1992 Several sections discuss Contra cocaine smuggling in this book which describes how Washington insiders twist the truth and manufacture the Conventional Wisdom.
- Persico, Joseph E., CASEY, New York, Viking Penguin, 1990, pg..478-481 Biography on former CIA director William Casey briefly explores the relationships between the CIA and drug traffickers, as well as the protection of narco-CIA assets.
- Reed, Terry and Cummings, John, COMPROMISED, New York, S.P.I. Books, 1994 The definitive book on Mena, Reed’s first person account of his CIA service on behalf of the Contras opens eyes as to the relationships between the CIA, drug trafficking and recent occupants of the White House. A second edition is in bookstores, however not from bankrupt S.P.I. Books. [I highly recommend this book]
- Terrell, Jack with Martz, Ron, DISPOSABLE PATRIOT: REVELATIONS OF A SOLDIER IN AMERICA’S SECRET WARS, Washington, DC, National Press Books, 1992 ISBN 0-915765-38-1 An American soldier goes to fight the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. But he discovers that the most dangerous war is the political infighting of Washington as politicians and covert operatives fight to save their political skins ans stay out of jail.NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
- Adams, Lorraine, “North Didn’t Relay Drug Tips; DEA Says It Finds No Evidence Reagan Aide Talked to Agency,” WASHINGTON POST, October 22, 1994, pg A1 Oliver North knew his Contra network was smuggling cocaine, but he did not inform the DEA as required by law.
- Anderson, Jack and Van Atta, Dale, “Drug Runner’s Legacy,” February 28, 1989 Federal authorities stonewall investigations into Barry Seal’s drug-trafficking.
- Anderson, Jack and Van Atta, Dale, “Small Town for Smuggling,” March 1, 1989 Suspects say they worked for the CIA to turn back investigations into the cocaine of Mena.
- Arbanas, Michael, “Hutchinson knew in 83 of Seal probe, ex-IRS agent says,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 19, 1990 IRS agent William Duncan claimed Asa Hutchinson knew about allegations of drug trafficking at Mena when he was US Attorney.
- Arbanas, Michael, “Truth on Mena, Seal shrouded in shady allegations; Drug smuggling rumors just won’t die,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 22, 1990 Long overview of Mena evidence.
- Arbanas, Michael, “FBI apparently investigating Mena, Seal,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, May 24, 1991
- Bowers, Rodney, “Slain smuggler used airport,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 14, 1987 Evidence showing drug smuggler Barry Seal used Mena airport, and that federal Justice officials interfered in local law enforcement investigating the narcotics.
- Bowers, Rodney, “House investigators opens Mena probe,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 17, 1987 Aide to Congressman William Hughes (D-NJ) visited Mena to gather evidence and testimony.
- Brown, Chip, “Former DEA agent: North knew of cocaine shipments to US,” ASSOCIATED PRESS, June 17, 1994 DEA agent Celerino Castillo tells of his knowledge regarding drug smuggling through the Contra resupply network.
- “Co-pilot held answers sought in investigation; But he died in plane crash in 1985,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 27, 1988, pg 6A
- Cockburn, Alexander, “Chapters in the Recent History of Arkansas,” THE NATION, February 24, 1992 Describes what was revealed in court papers filed by Terry Reed in his case against Clinton aide Buddy Young regarding CIA Contra cocaine smuggling out of Mena.
- Crudele, John, “Drugs and the CIA — A Scandal Unravels in Arkansas,” NEW YORK POST, April 21, 1995 Report that special prosecutor Kenneth Starr is investigating the CIA guns-for-drugs operations at Mena.
- Crudele, John, “Bombshell in Arkansas Investigations Brings Both Parties the Jitters,” NEW YORK POST, August 14, 1995 Congressman Jim Leach’s Banking Committee and the House Judiciciary Committee investigate allegations of cocaine trafficking at Mena that point responsibility at the Clinton, Bush and Reagan administrations.
- “Demo Says IRS Blocked Probe Of Drugs, Arms,” SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE (ASSOCIATED PRESS), July 28, 1989 Rep. Alexander (D-Ark.) Charges the IRS with blocking investigations into cocaine of Mena.
- “Deposition summarizes rumors about Seal,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 26, 1988, pg. 18A Former military investigator Gary Wheaton gave a sworn deposition claiming that Barry Seal engaged in gun-running and drug smuggling with the consent of the Drug Enforcement Administration and Central Intelligence Agency.
- editorial, “Investigate Mena,” WALL STREET JOURNAL, July 10, 1995, pg A12
- Epstein, Edward Jay, “On the Mena Trail,” WALL STREET JOURNAL, April 20, 1994 The Journal warns that beneath Clinton’s crimes, lie the crimes of Reagan and Bush.
- Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, “Cocaine and Toga Parties,” SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, July 17, 1994 Describes evidence that Bill Clinton enjoyed drugs and young women.
- Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, “International Smugglers linked to Contra arms deals,” SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, October 9, 1994 Links Contra cocaine smuggling with Bill Clinton associate, Dan Lasater.
- Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, “Airport scandal set to crash into White House,” DAILY TELEGRAPH, March 27, 1995 Recounts evidence provided by Terry Reed and William Duncan regarding cocaine trafficking through Arkansas.
- Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, “Clinton Involved in CIA Arms and Drugs Racket,” SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, July 9, 1995 Reveals that AMERICAN SPECTATOR was about to publish and interview with former Clinton bodyguard, L.D. Brown. Conservative editor R. Emmett Tyrrell remarked how shocked he was to uncover CIA skullduggery involving the secret was against the Sandinistas.
- Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, “Embattled Clinton falls back on Nixon’s Watergate defence,” ELECTRONIC TELEGRAPH, December 18, 1995
- Haddigan, Michael, ” Fat Man’ key to mystery,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 26, 1988, pg. A1 Overview of the investigations and obstructions to uncovering the truth behind the cocaine of Mena.
- Haddigan, Michael, “The Kingpin and his many connections,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 27, 1988, pg. 1A Explores the career of Barry Seal.
- Haddigan, Michael, “Mena tires of rumors,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, June 28, 1988, pg. 1A Remote Mena airport does special refittings for planes from around the world.
- Hanchette, John, “House Banking Committee Probing Tangles Tale of Mena, Ark.,” GANNETT NEWS SERVICE, January 25, 1996 House Banking Chairman Jim Leach is investigating Mena.
- Harmon, Dave, “Ex-agent: Drug sales aided contras; Retired DEA man says smuggling, North venture linked,” CHICAGO TRIBUNE, January 26, 1993 Celerino Castillo describes the frustration in prosecuting cocaine smugglers involved with the Contra resupply network.
- Henson, Maria, “Testimony reveals leak in drug probe: Cost Seal his life, witness says,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, July 29, 1988 House Judiciary subcommittee on crime hears DEA officials tell how a White House leak revealing Barry Seal’s undercover work ruined a major drug investigation.
- Henson, Maria, “Alexander threatens budget ax to get agency’s cooperation; He pledges to continue investigation into drug trafficking,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, October 5, 1988 Rep. Bill Alexander (D-Ark.) tries to force the Reagan administration to allow a General Accounting Office investigation into drug-trafficking around Mena.
- “IRS says smuggler owes $29 million, seizes his property,” BATON ROUGE STATE TIMES, February 5, 1986, pg. 1-A Some of Barry Seal’s assets are listed.
- “Judge set to rule in dispute over Seal’s tax assessment,” BATON ROUGE STATE TIMES, March 28, 1986
- Kwitny, Jonathan, “Dope Story: Doubts Rise on Report Reagan Cited in Tying Sandinistas to Cocaine,” WALL STREET JOURNAL, April 22, 1987 Account of Barry Seal’s activities in Mena and his attempt as a DEA informant to connect the Sandinistas with cocaine trafficking.
- Lemons, Terry and Fullerton, Jane, “Perot Called Clinton About Mena Inquiry,” ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT-GAZETTE, April 19, 1992 In 1988, Ross Perot called Gov. Bill Clinton to discuss the allegations of cocaine trafficking on behalf of the Contras in Mena.
- Lemons, Terry and Fullerton, Jane, “Perot Vows Mena Airport Won’t Be Issue If He Runs,” ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT-GAZETTE, April 26, 1992. Perot confirms that he discussed Mena with Gov. Bill Clinton in 1988.
- Morris, Scott, “Clinton: State did all it could in Mena case,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 11, 1991 Gov. Bill Clinton claims the Arkansas State Police conducted a “very vigorous” investigation into allegations of drugs and money-laundering around Mena.
- Morrison, Micah, “Mena Coverup? Razorback Columbo to Retire,” WALL STREET JOURNAL May 10, 1995, pg. A18 Recounts the efforts of Arkansas State Policeman Russell Welch to investigate Mena, and the career troubles which ensued.
- Morrison, Micah, “Mysterious Mena,” WALL STREET JOURNAL, June 29, 1994 Recounts the stories about allegations of U.S. government-protected drug-running in Arkansas.
- Morrison, Micah, “The Mena Coverup” WALL STREET JOURNAL, October 18, 1994 IRS investigator William Duncan developed documentation proving the money-laundering of cocaine profits through Arkansas.
- Nabbefeld, Joe, “Evidence on Mena-CIA ties to go to Walsh; Airport’s inclusion in Contra probe urged,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 10, 1991 Iran-contra Independent Counsel Lawrence Walsh is given evidence on drug money-laundering involving CIA-Contra activities at Mena.
- Norman, Jane, “Arkansas Airstrip Under Investigation,” DES MOINES REGISTER, January 26, 1996, pg. 3 House Banking Chairman Jim Leach is investigating Mena.
- “Panel investigating slain informant’s activities,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, April 11, 1988 House investigators continue probing allegations of Contra cocaine smuggling.
- Rafinski, Karen, “North gets boosters, protesters; Controversial Iran-Contra figure campaigns for Hayes,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, September 23, 1990 Oliver North visits Arkansas to support Republican Terry Hayes running against Rep. Bill Alexander (D-Ark.).
- Scarborough, Rowan, “House Panel Takes a Long Look at Mena,” WASHINGTON TIMES, January 18, 1996 House Banking Committee is investigating the cocaine trafficking at Mena.
- Semien, John, “Agent says Seal trafficked drugs while an informant,” BATON ROUGE MORNING ADVOCATE, March 28, 1986 Louisiana state police describe their evidence that Barry Seal was a drug trafficker.
- Semien, John, “Plane downed in Nicaragua once owned by Adler Barry Seal,” BATON ROUGE MORNING ADVOCATE, March 10, 1986 The plane shot down over Nicaragua, revealing the Iran-contra affair, was owned by drug smuggler Barry Seal.
- Semien, John, “Congress investigating Barry Seal’s activities,” BATON ROUGE SUNDAY ADVOCATE, April 10, 1988 Investigators for the House Subcommittee on Crime visited Louisiana to develop evidence regarding cocaine smuggling and the Contra resupply network.
- Stewart, Julie, “Contras, Drug Smuggling Questions Remain Abut Arkansas Airport, ASSOCIATED PRESS, September 24, 1991
- Stinson, Jeffrey, “Alexander vows to find answers to Seal story,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, December 22, 1990 Rep. Bill Alexander (D-Ark.) Renews his efforts for a federal investigation of Mena.
- Stinson, Jeffrey, “House panel hears tales of illegal activities at Mena airport,” ARKANSAS GAZETTE, July 25, 1991 IRS investigator William Duncan describes the evidence he collected on drug trafficking at Mena and how the Justice Department asked him to perjure himself before a grand jury.
- Tyrrell, R. Emmett Jr., “Furtive Drug Flights,” August 25, 1995 Former Clinton bodyguard L.D. Brown reveals that apparently both Bill Clinton and George H. W. Bush knew about the Contra cocaine flights into Mena.
- Walker, Martin, “Conspiracy theorists let imagination run riot over Whitewater scandal; Murder, arson, burglary, drug trafficking . . . they’re all part of he plot, if the Clintons’ accusers in the press are to be believed,” THE GUARDIAN, March 24, 1994 Recounts the darkest allegations against Bill Clinton.
- Weiner, Tim, “Suit by Drug Agent Says U.S. Subverted His Burmese Efforts,” NEW YORK TIMES, October 27, 1994 Top DEA official in Burma describes how the State Department and CIA jeopardized his heroin investigations and put his life in danger.MAGAZINE ARTICLES
- Chua-Eoan, Howard G. and Shannon, Elaine, “Confidence Games,” TIME, November 29, 1993, pg.35 CIA facilities in Venezuela are used to store 1,000 kilos of cocaine that is shipped to Miami.
- Corn, David, “The C.I.A. and the Cocaine Coup,” THE NATION, October 7, 1991, pg.404 Tells of CIA assistance in 1980 Bolivian coup that put cocaine cartel leaders into power.
- COVERT ACTION INFORMATION BULLETIN, “The CIA and Drugs” edition, Number 28 (Summer 1987) 8 articles on the history of CIA drug trafficking and money laundering. Ordering information at http://www.worldmedia.com/caq
- Dettmer, Jamie and Rodriguez, Paul M., “Starr Investigation Targets Law-Enforcement Complicity,” INSIGHT, May 29, 1995 Report that Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr was investigating the shredding by Arkansas law enforcement of documents related to Iran-contra drug smuggling.
- “Ghosts of carelessness past,” ECONOMIST, May 7, 1994, pg. 30 Summary of allegations regarding cocaine smuggling at Mena.
- Robinson, Deborah, “Unsolved mysteries in Clinton country,” IN THESE TIMES, February 12-18, 1992 As Bill Clinton moved to gain the Democratic nomination for President, allegations surfaced that he ignored local law enforcement officials’ pleas for assistance to investigate Mena.
- Robinson, Linda and Duffy, Brian, “At play in the field of the spies; A primer: How not to fight the war on drugs,” U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT, November 29, 1993 CIA operatives in Venezuela were involved in or had known about drug shipments in the United States, but did nothing to stop them.
- Tyrrell, R. Emmett Jr., “The Arkansas Drug Shuttle,” THE AMERICAN SPECTATOR, August, 1995, pg.16 Story of former Clinton bodyguard, L.D. Brown, and his experiences in the Contra resupply operation
- Wheeler, Scott L., “Dateline Mena: New Evidence, Rumored Congressional Inquiry Redirect Attention Toward Lingering Scandal,” MEDIA BYPASS, January, 1996, pg. 60 More allegations rise to surface regarding cocaine trafficking at Mena, including evidence that the drug smuggling continues unabated.
- “Whitewater Ad Nauseam?” BUSINESSWEEK, February 26, 1996, pg.45 House Banking Chairman James Leach is investigating Mena.CONGRESSIONAL REPORTS
- CONTINUED INVESTIGATION OF SENIOR-LEVEL EMPLOYEE MISCONDUCT AND MISMANAGEMENT AT THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, Hearing before the Commerce, Consumer, and Monetary Affairs Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, July 24, 1991, GOV DOC # Y 4.G 74/7:Em 7/16 House probe into why IRS investigator William Duncan faced a career crisis for documenting the money-laundering through Arkansas in the 1980s.
- DRUGS, LAW ENFORCEMENT AND FOREIGN POLICY, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Operations, Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 1989, S. Prt. 100-165 Chaired by Sen. John Kerry of Massachusetts, the subcommittee heard abundant testimony by drug dealers and pilots about CIA connections to the smuggling.
- ENFORCEMENT OF NARCOTICS, FIREARMS, AND MONEY LAUNDERING LAWS, Oversight Hearings before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, July 28, September 23, 29, and October 5, 1988, GOV DOC # Y 4.J 89/1:100/138 Investigation of connections between cocaine smuggler Barry Seal and the Contra resupply network.
- IRS SENIOR EMPLOYEE MISCONDUCT PROBLEMS, Hearings before the Commerce Consumer and Monetary Affairs Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, July 25, 26 and 27, 1989, GOV DOC # Y 4.G 74/7:Em 7/11 Congressional hearings discover that IRS employee problems are due to employees investigating money-laundering of cocaine through Arkansas.
- SYRIA, PRESIDENT BUSH AND DRUGS, Subcommittee Staff Report, House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice, October 28, 1992 Reports that Bekaa Valley heroin traffickers have close ties to the Syrian government and Army, and that President Bush ignores this problem in his policy towards Syria.